The Evolution of Extremism: Omar Bakri Muhammad and other Muslim Organisations in Britain

 

04/02/2009 
Dr. Tal Pavel  |  UK Affairs 

Middle East Studies Information

Abstract

This article will examine the evolution of the extreme Islamic movements in Britain that were established and led by Omar Bakri Muhammad, being their spiritual leader, from the Hizb ut-Tahrir to the Islam for the UK organizations. The article will describe the chronological order of these organizations, and emphasize their relationship and opinions to various issues, i.e., Britain, Muslim and Arabic countries, Israel and the Jews, and the place of the internet and the Information War.

The conclusion drawn is that in conjunction with the evolution of these Muslim organizations, there is a parallel evolution of extremist behavior, from the call to unify all Muslim countries into one Islamic state, to the implementation of Islamic Law (Sharia’ah) inBritain, and the negation of its social fabric and the British “way of life”.

Hizb ut-Tahrir

The Hizb ut-Tahrir is an international political Muslim organization, formed in 1953 in Jerusalem by Taqiuddin al-Nabhani Rashta. It supports the return of the Muslim Khilafa[1] which will govern all Muslims according to Islamic law[2] as dictated by the Koran.

Many of the Hizb ut-Tahrir branches are active over the internet[3]. These branches have maintained physical and virtual links with, and are active through assorted Muslim organizations. The web contents deal with current political issues on the Muslim agenda, including various political activities such as political rallies and demonstrations. These activities have been banned by many countries, who claim that the Hizb ut-Tahrir is a terrorist organization and its members are being persecuted in Middle Eastern countries. This is so because the Hizb ut-Tahrir is thought to undermine autonomous Arab and Muslim countries in order to unify all Muslims under one Islamic rule.

 

In 1986, Omar Bakri Muhammad created the London branch of the organization. It had a two fold purpose[4]:

  • For the Muslim world – the unification of all Muslims governed by one Islamic country, where each and every Muslim must do anything and everything to achieve that end, and…
  • For the western world – cultivating the various Muslim communities in western countries in order to maintain the Muslim identity

The Hizb ut-Tahrir openly stated that it does not wish to change the current methods of government in the west, but to present a positive image of Islam through open dialogue. Although its primary objective is the return of the Khalifs, it claims that it will not act or preach for such a change through violence or terror in Britain.  The organization claimed that since its inception, its members have not turned to armed violence as a vehicle to effect political change[5].

The American government has not found any evidence tying the Hizb ut-Tahrir to any violent activities, but there is a claim that it is not true that the organization is not adverse to violence at all, but that it is adverse to violence at this time[6].

Under the leadership of Omar Bakri Muhammad, the organization has become the leading Muslim organization in Britain, publishing and distributing a number of on-line newspapers and magazines[7]. Over the years, the Hizb ut-Tahrir has been perceived as “not dangerous” because it has preached for a jihad outside of British borders, while forbidding its members to engage in terrorist activities within British borders. Having said that, the organization is considered to have an extreme and detrimental influence on British Muslim youth[8] – it has been accused that its members were responsible for the attacks on British police and military, they have been involved in suicide bombing activities worldwide (including the suicide bombing in a Tel Aviv pub) and that they have maintained a close contact with the al-Qaeda organization[9].

In 1996 he left the British branch of the Hizb ut-Tahrir because of ideological differences in policy, style and methods of action.

International Islamic Front

In 1999, Omar Bakri Muhammad was the spiritual leader and spokesperson for the International Islamic Front. He was considered to be Osama Bin Laden’s representative in Britain, and a liaison between his and other various Palestinian organizations[10]. As such, he was suspected of:

§         raising funds for the Hammas and the Islamic Jihad

§         being in contact with the Hizbollah

§         recruiting and training volunteers in various countries and transporting them to Jordan or Lebanon where they could infiltrate Israeli borders or attack Israel from outside its borders

§         training British Muslims and sending them to fight in Chechnya or in the Balkans[11].

Al Muhajiroun

In 1983 Omar Bakri Muhammad established the Al Muhajiroun organization in Mecca, its purpose was to be a legal “front” for the Hizb ut-Tahrir in Saudi Arabia, where it has been outlawed[12]. After only three years, Al Muhajiroun was outlawed as well.

In 1996, after leaving the Hizb ut-Tahrir, he established the British branch of the Al Muhajiroun as an independent organization, believing it to be the “eyes, ears and mouth”[13] of Bin Laden. He led the organization until 2003. The Al Muhajiroun organization was dismantled by Omar Bakri Muhammad in 2004.

In August 2005, Muhammad left Britain on a trip to Lebanon. While in Lebanon, the British government refused his entry back to the country.

Ahl us-Sunnah wal Jama’ah

In November 2005, the Ahl us-Sunnah wal Jama’ah organization was established by Omar Bakri Muhammad and his men (including his right hand man and solicitor Anjem Choudary[14]) who were involved with other organizations in Britain as well[15]. The purpose of this organization was to replace Al Muhajiroun, and claimed to have over 1,000 members. The Ahl us-Sunnah wal Jama’ah was active mostly over the internet.

As stated, the organization’s purpose was to preach towards Islam and against violence, but its leaders viewed the Queen as “an enemy of Islam”[16] – and example of contradictory concepts. On its web site, the organization presented its messages (including recordings of Omar Bakri Muhammad), recruited its supporters, including British Muslims to fight in the conflict areas in the Middle East, Somalia, Afghanistan and Chechnya[17].

Al-Firqat un-Naajiyah and Al Ghurabaa’

On November 2005 two organizations were established – Al-Firqat un-Naajiyah (The Saved Sect), and Al Ghurabaa’ (The Strangers)[18]Al Ghurabaa’ was involved in both verbal and physical violence[19].

Al-Firqat un-Naajiyah published an article titled “Kill those who insult the Prophet Muhammad” in response to a caricature drawing of the prophet Muhammad. Similar expressions were written on banners in a demonstration in front of the Danish Embassy. Also, it was suggested that the members of Al-Firqat un-Naajiyah were involved with the bombings on 7 July 2005 in London. Anjem Choudary, who was the leader of Al Muhajiroun, was a prominent figure in this organization as well.

The organization was active in Britain until it was outlawed by the British government on 17 July 2006. These organizations were considered to be the continuation of Al Muhajiroun, and as such, were controlled by Omar Bakri Muhammad.

Salafi Youth for Islamic Propagation

After September 2008, an organization called the Salafi Youth for Islamic Propagation was established (a.k.a. the Salafi Youth Movement). Amongst its leaders were Omar Bakri Muhammad and Anjem Choudary. It appeared as though this organization was also used as a cover for Al Muhajiroun[20].

Lately, a Blog (http://salafiyouth.blogspot.com) belonging to the Salafi Youth Movement appeared, its first and only posting was on 25 December 2008. Until 25 January 2009, 215 entries were recorded.

The site contains links to audio files presented by the London School of Shari’ah, where Muhammad and Choudary were prominent influential figures. The site’s banner contains pictures of teenagers holding up a signs stating “Islam will conquer Rome”, and other teenagers waving the black-and-white flag belonging to the international Hizb ut-Tahrir organization.

Islam for the UK

Lately, another web site appeared – “Islam for the UK” (http://islam4uk.com) – its purpose being to organize various functions in Britain. As one of its services, one may submit religious questions to Omar Bakri Muhammad and Anjem Choudary[21]. In addition, the web site contains detailed information about Islamic courses provided by the London School of Sharia’ah.

In order to emphasize their desire of control over Britain, banner of the web’s home page contains the black-and white flag of the Hizb ut-Tahrir placed over the letters UK. A picture of the globe is also shown (see below).

These two pictures (the flag and the globe) are the main symbols representing the international Hizb ut-Tahrir organization. As with other sites of this kind, it is estimated that site will not last long as well[22].

The following is an overview of Omar Bakri Muhammad’s and other Islamic organizations’ position on various issues:

Britain

According to Omar Bakri Muhammad, most of the Islamic opposition leaders are residing in Britain[23]. Both Britain and the United States are being accused by the Hizb ut-Tahrir as being responsible for the “world wide chaos” and the cruel occupation, murder and prolonging of war in Iraq and Afghanistan. These activities in Iraq and Afghanistan[24] are actually a war against Islam[25] in order to divide the Muslim people, prevent local and global Islamic communities to flourish and to distance the individual Muslim from doing G-d’s will. As such, the Hizb ut-Tahrir called values that adopt loyalty to religion prior to loyalty to nation[26].

As for the “Cast Lead” operation, the Hizb ut-Tahrir is accusing Britain for two main activities:

§         Although Britain has offered humanitarian aid provided for the Gaza Strip population, it has also offered to provide weapons and naval support for Israel in order to continue the blockade and to use the weapons for “terrorist activities against the Palestinians”[27]. Also…

§         The British media leaned favorably towards Israel by providing more exposure time for the Israeli Ambassador than for the Palestinian counterpart[28].

To be fair, the Hizb ut-Tahrir leaders have showed themselves to be more moderate than before, but this may be due to British government pressure being put on them[29]. On the other hand, one can hear extremist ideology that negates multi-culturalism and integration within the local culture within many mosques across Britain. Moreover, one has a sense of hate towards non-Muslims. There are expressions against terrorism, but always with some hesitation[30], always the suggestion of negating Britain’s social order and government[31].

Omar Bakri Muhammad himself sided with terrorist activities[32], specifically with the 9/11 bombing, stating that similar terrorist actions will likely occur in the future[33]. This was said on the anniversary of 9/11. His people have threatened Britain stating that ifBritain will not withdraw from Muslim lands, there will be consequences.

Anjem Choudary very clearly stated that in the not so distant future, Britain will become Muslim and be governed by Shari’ah (Islamic law). This will be done by “conquering from within”, i.e., by natural growth of the Muslim population[34]. This was said in an event sponsored by the Association for Islamic Research, which is another “front” for the Al Muhajiroun organization[35].

In the Islam for the UK web site (http://islam4uk.com), there is an article that contains a picture of a demonstrator holding a sign saying “SHARIAH the future for UK”. In that same picture, one can see another sign – albeit a bit blurred – saying “British government, terrorist government”.

This picture was presented along side an article calling for a conference that will take place in London on 2 February 2009, organized by the Islam for the UK, its theme being “The Rise of the Khilafah”.

On 13 April 2008, they organized a conference, its theme being “Kufr Laws to be Extinct”[36], and also published it its web site the details of a discussion held on 25 November 2008 with the participation of Anjem Choudary, the subject being “Whether the UK should have full Shari’ah law”[37].

Muslim and Arabic Countries

The Hizb ut-Tahrir is working towards the unification of all Muslims under one Muslim rule, while attacking the various Muslim regimes currently in power. A good example is that of the Pakistanian Prime Minister Mushraf, who was accused of:

§         relinquishing Muslim lands to western regimes, and…

§         sending Pakistani Muslims to fight Afghani Muslims.

A week after the 9/11 attack (having praised the terrorists on various occasions[38]), Omar Bakri Muhammad released a religious decree (a Fatwa) threatening his life.

The British branch of the Hizb ut-Tahrir is currently calling for new elections in Pakistan, voting for the rule of Allah to power so that all of the nation’s ills will be alleviated[39].

Another example is the renewal of the Fatwa against the writer Suliman Rushdi, in 2006[40].

With respect to the Middle East, Hizb ut-Tahrir harshly condemned the continuous impotence of the Arab leaders, who turned an Islamic issue into an Arabic Palestinian issue[41], and with respect to the “Cast Lead” operation, “worked with Israel in order to allow a massacre”[42].  Egypt and the Palestinian Authority are accused of knowing ahead of time about the “Cast Lead” operation and that Syria and Saudi Arabia negotiated with Israel in secret[43].

Furthermore, Hizb ut-Tahrir has called for Arabian military intervention in order to defend the Palestinians in Gaza while creating a clear distinction between Arab leaders and citizens[44]. They wished that this distinction would have created a wedge between both sides[45] so that the citizens would have acted against their government in order to create a military Muslim force against Israel[46], and would overthrow their government replacing it with a unified Muslim rule[47]. Specifically, they asserted that the unification of Muslim rule is the responsibility of every Muslim, and any leader not working towards that end is a traitor in the eyes of Allah[48]. Within this conceptual framework, a seminar organized by Hizb ut-Tahrir in Britain dealt with the issue of protecting the Palestinians in Gaza[49].

The call for all Muslims is clear – You must do whatever must be done in order to bring back the Muslim Khalifs’ rule which will unite all the Muslim countries under one Islamic rule, thereby overthrowing other Arab and Muslim governments.

Israel and Jews

In the year 2000 Omar Bakri Muhammad published a detailed religious decree (Fatwa) calling for an overall Jihad against Israel[50]. The general goal was to bring about the annulment of the Israeli state as an independent political entity, at the same time stating that Muslims and Non Muslims would live together under Islamic rule[51].

Israel has been accused by the British branch of the Hizb ut-Tahrir in creating a concentration camp of the Gaza Strip. Israel, in cooperation of Egypt, has closed its borders to Gaza in order to impose a group punishment on the Palestinians for:

§         smuggling supplies into the Strip, and…

§         smuggling “…some toys which are life-size versions of rockets—that is, pieces of metal filled with real explosives”[52]

The new web site “Islam for the UK” contains an article written for Israelis and Jews whose title is “Moses is a Muslim”. The article compares Israeli behavior towards the Palestinians to Pharaoh’s behavior towards the Israelites. The article determined that

“The insolent Israeli and Jewish juxtaposition is a mockery to the Deen (divine way of life) that Musa (as) called to (i.e. Tawhee). The children of apes and pigs have more in common with cowardice and theft than bravery and honesty. To put it in plain terms Musa (as) was a Muslim and the land that Musa (as) traversed from his birth till his death also belongs to Muslims.

We close this small memo with a reminder to the Israeli Invaders that the only way you are allowed to live in Palestine peacefully and be in authority is by becoming Muslims and implementing the Shari’ah in its totality; exactly what our beloved Messenger Musa (as) and his brother Muhammad (saw) came and did”[53].

Internet and the Information War

Extremist Muslim organizations in Britain, first and foremost are those led by Omar Bakri Muhammad, have done well by exploiting the internet for their needs.

At the end of 2002, Omar Bakri Muhammad stated that el-Qaeda and other fundamentalist Muslim organizations across the globe are planning to use the internet as a weapon in the Jihad against the west[54]. He also stated that the Jihad organizations are very active on the internet and that although his organization is mostly active in political support of el-Qaeda and other Islamic groups, the military arms of these groups are using the internet for their operations.

As per the information war, Omar Bakri Muhammad stated that he will not be surprised to hear that large economies will collapse due to an attack on the information systems of large corporations. According to him, millions of Muslims world wide are involved in hacking into the United States’ and Israel’s government web sites. “The struggle will continue”, he said when estimating that most of the Muslim students studying computers and information systems do support Bin Laden. According to him, one of Bin Laden’s messages called to use technology in order to ruin the economies of capitalist countries.

One can learn about the strength of the internet used by extremist organizations from the British MP Andrew Dismore;

“The trouble is they just keep reinventing themselves. They are using the internet, and Bakri can preach from the web from across the world without fear of being put under a control order or prosecuted[55].

Omar Bakri Muhammad’s demands are broadcasted over the internet in various web sites. One can find in these broadcasts a call for all Muslims to join the Jihad wherever they may be by saying that the voices of the dead Mujihadin are calling for young Brits to fight. But, in the same breath, he is denying a call for violence against Britain[56].

There exists tens of web sites, in English, supporting the Muslim resurrection and the return of the Islamic Khilafa These web sites are linked in one form or another to the Hizb ut-Tahrir organization and/or its ideology[57].

It seems that the Hizb ut-Tahrir has provided an organizational and ideological platform for Muslims in Britain and other countries world wide. The individual interested in this platform may one day find himself in a progressively extremist and violent organization that has the capability of executing the unified Muslim theory as taught within their temples[58].

Al Muhajiroun may be viewed as an intermediary stage. If the Hizb ut-Tahrir created the ideological platform of a unified Islamic state – one that is ruled by the Koran, while calling to overthrow current Arab and Muslim governments, Al Muhajiroun is another stage in that evolution by providing the basis for violent activities in Britain[59], while legitimizing violent activities outside the British borders[60].

Hizb ut-Tahrir espoused the creation of the Muslim Khalifs in Muslim nations and limited its members to activities only in these countries, while Al Muhajiroun called for the establishment of Khilafa wherever its members reside[61].

The next generations of organizations have already come out against the existing British way of life. They are calling for an Islamic revolution and are threatening to perform more terrorist acts like 9/11. In addition, new generations of British Muslim extremists were integrated within these organizations. These extremists were locally born and bred, knowledgeable in British laws and leaning towards covert activities far from the eyes and ears of the formal security forces and media[62].

These extremist organizations pose an ever increasing challenge for the government, security forces and British society because of their extensive use of the internet in distributing their message from varying locations world wide.

More and more Muslim organizations, over the last years have become more extreme. They have become more outspoken, clearer in their messages of violence, specifically when talking about their purpose to undermine – through British born Muslims – the very fabric of British society and to raise the Shari’ah flag in Downing Street by the year 2020[63].

It will not be long before we are witness to an ever growing extremism of Islamic factors in Britain. These factors are now at work, attempting to undermine British society by continuously challenging the existing democratic flavor. British citizens, and citizens of the world, are to expect an increase in verbal and physical violence against governments against those representing law and order, and against moderate Muslims.

Appendix – International Web Sites of the Hizb ut-Tahrir

The writer is a Middle East and Islamic World Internet Expert. As part of his doctoral thesis, Dr. Pavel explored the usage limitations and constraints placed on the Internet by governments in the Middle East.

 End Notes:

[1] For the future organizational structure of the Khilafa, please see

Caliphate Online, “Caliphate Organization Chart,”, 08.10.2007.

http://www.caliphate.eu/2007/10/caliphate-organisation-chart.html

 

[2] “Join with Hizb ut-Tahrir and be part of the global movement to re-establish the Khilafah that will rule and lead the Ummah by the Qur’an and the Sunn’ah of the Messenger (SAW)”.

Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Only the return of the Khilafah will silence those who attack Islam,”, 29.03.2008.

http://www.hizb-ut-tahrir.org/index.php/EN/wshow/380

 

[3] see Appendix – International Sites of the Hizb ut-Tahrir

 

[4] “In the Muslim world, Hizb ut-Tahrir works at all levels of society to restore to the Muslims a means of living an Islamic way of life under the shade of the Khilafah State (Caliphate) following an exclusively political method.

In the West, Hizb ut-Tahrir works to cultivate a Muslim community that lives by Islam in thought and deed, whereby adhering to the rules of Islam and preserving a strong Islamic identity. The party does not work in the West to change the system of government, but works to project a positive image of Islam to Western society and engages in dialogue with Western thinkers, policymakers and academics.”

Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Media Information Pack,”, p. 2.

http://www.hizb.org.uk/hizb/images/PDFs/HT_media_pack.pdf

“Here in Europe the work for re-establishing the Khilafah involves building strong Islamic communities calling for an Islamic leadership in the Muslim world that will stand up for Islam. It also involves engaging with the wider non-Muslim society in dispelling the myths and propaganda against Islam and showing them how Islam is the solution to the chaos and disorder that prevails in the world today”.

Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Only the return of the Khilafah will silence those who attack Islam,”, 29.03.2008.

http://www.hizb-ut-tahrir.org/index.php/EN/wshow/380

 

[5] Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Media Information Pack”, p. 2-3, 14-15.

 

[6] “The group has never been overtly involved in any violent actions, and Hizb ut-Tahrir has long claimed it wants to achieve its objectives through nonviolent means. It has so far not been involved in any known terrorist activities. One of the most secretive fundamentalist Islamic organizations, it remains a radical organization. Hizb ut-Tahrir is not against violence as such. It is just against the use of violence now. But they still think jihad [holy war] is a positive concept.”

GlobalSecurity.org, “Hizb ut-Tahrir al-Islami (Islamic Party of Liberation),”.

http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/para/hizb-ut-tahrir.htm

 

[7] Khilafah magazine (http://www.khilafah.eu),

New Civilisation (http://www.newcivilisation.com)

 

[8] “The number of Arabs involved at the operational level of the London and Glasgow plots marks a new trend that may indicate either that a wider portion of the United Kingdom’s several hundred thousand Arabs are being radicalized, or that jihadi recruiters are better targeting discontented Arabs as well as Muslims from the subcontinent. In the past, almost all Islamic terrorist operations in the United Kingdom have been carried out by Pakistanis or Bangladeshis, while Arab involvement in pro-jihadi groups has been solely at a leadership level”.

James Brandon, “UK Plot Highlights Growing Arab Radicalism,”, The Jamestown Foundation,  Terrorism Focus Volume: 4 Issue: 22, 10.07.2007, 11:37 AM.

http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Bswords%5D=8fd5893941d69d0be3f378576261ae3e&tx_ttnews%5Bany_of_the_words%5D=u.k%20bakri&tx_ttnews%5Bpointer%5D=1&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=4292&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=7&cHash=652430f735

“The official Pakistani line is that some Britons are radicalized in the U.K., while others arrive in Pakistan “pre-cooked””.

Raffaello Pantucci, “U.S. Missiles Target Suspect in Transatlantic Airliner Plot,”, The Jamestown Foundation, Terrorism Focus Volume: 5 Issue: 41, 03.12.2008, 01:10 PM.

http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Bswords%5D=8fd5893941d69d0be3f378576261ae3e&tx_ttnews%5Bany_of_the_words%5D=u.k%20omar%20bakri&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=34210&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=7&cHash=c05987dd8c

 

[9]Nick Fielding, “Terror links of the Tottenham Ayatollah,”, Times Online, 24.06.2005.

See the following links concerning terrorist cells in Britain

Ian Cobain, “Al-Qaida in the UK,”, quardian.co.uk, 04.09.2008.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/interactive/2008/sep/04/alqaida2

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article547466.ece

 

[10]Dan Verton, “Update: Omar Bakri Muhammad, bin Laden’s man in London,”, Computerworld, 18.11.2002.

http://www.computerworld.com/securitytopics/security/cybercrime/story/0,10801,76007,00.html

Jonathan Fighel, “Londonistan,”, International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT), 01.05.2003.

http://www.ict.org.il/NewsCommentaries/Commentaries/tabid/69/Articlsid/118/currentpage/9/Default.aspx

 

[11]Wikipedia, “Al-Muhajiroun,”.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Muhajiroun

 

[12]“I always believed the Saudi regime was Kufr. This is because I subscribed to the HT ideology which condemned all regimes in the Muslim world as Kufr.”

Mahan Abedin, “Al-Muhajiroun In The UK: An Interview With Sheikh Omar Bakri Mohammed,”, The Jamestown Foundation, Spotlight on Terror Volume: 2 Issue: 5, 22.03.2004, 07:00 PM.

http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Bswords%5D=8fd5893941d69d0be3f378576261ae3e&tx_ttnews%5Bany_of_the_words%5D=bakri%20U.K&tx_ttnews%5Bpointer%5D=3&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=26355&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=7&cHash=abb90d0e48

 

 

[13]Dan Verton, “Update: Omar Bakri Muhammad, bin Laden’s man in London,”, Computerworld, 18.11.2002.

http://www.computerworld.com/securitytopics/security/cybercrime/story/0,10801,76007,00.html

His reactions concerning the organization are documented in the following interview

Mahan Abedin, “Al-Muhajiroun In The UK: An Interview With Sheikh Omar Bakri Mohammed,”, The Jamestown Foundation, Spotlight on Terror Volume: 2 Issue: 5, 22.03.2004, 07:00 PM.

http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Bswords%5D=8fd5893941d69d0be3f378576261ae3e&tx_ttnews%5Bany_of_the_words%5D=bakri%20U.K&tx_ttnews%5Bpointer%5D=3&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=26355&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=7&cHash=abb90d0e48

 

[14] Wikipedia, “Anjem Choudary,”,  22.01.2009, 22:56.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anjem_Choudary

 

[15]These two are characterized as “two profoundly dangerous men urged the destruction of the British way of life.”

Sue Reid, “Merchants of Hatred: On the anniversary of 9/11 this terrifying investigation reveals the hatred of Britain’s enemies within,”, 13.09.2008, 08:30 AM.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1055422/Merchants-Hatred-On-anniversary-9-11-terrifying-investigation-reveals-hatred-Britains-enemies-within.html

 

[16]BBC, “New group replaces al-Muhajiroun,”, 18.11.2005, 18:59 GMT.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/4449714.stm

 

[17]Yaakov Lappin, “UK website: Join Somalia jihad,”, YNET, 28.12.2006, 13:12.

http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3345665,00.html

 

[18]KhilafahalBritani, ” Ghuraba…..,”, YouTube, 04.09.2008.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPEZa1EMJuk&feature=related

Emiratie, ” What is the least we can do? Ghuraba Nasheed,”, YouTube, 07.07.2007.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wnE79PJs2Lg&feature=related

jesusdagr8, ” khalid yasin on ghuraba,”, YouTube, 13.05.2008.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zvmTd6AWTaM&feature=related

DeedatRules, ” Ghuraba (with subtitles),”, YouTube, 15.10.2007.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nqz-hHm-rmg&feature=related

 

[19]Wikipedia, “Al Ghurabaa’,”,  06.11.2008, 14:45.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al_Ghurabaa

 

[20]SalafiManhaj.com, “Who Are The So-Called ‘Salafi Youth For Islamic Propagation’ – A Refutation Of Al-Muhaajiroon”, 25.10.2008.

http://www.salafimanhaj.com/pdf/SalafiManhaj_SYIP.pdf

 

[21]Ask the Imam, has been set up as a platform to propagate authentic Islamic fiqh and is not designed to be a substitute for studying under a live scholar. All questions are answered by Sheikh Omar Bakri Muhammad or (if not available) Anjem Choudary, who is the Judge of the Shari’ah Court of the UK and Principal Lecturer at the London School of Shari’ah.”

http://islam4uk.com/component/kb

 

 

[23]“I believe Britain is harbouring most of the Islamic opposition leaders of the Muslim world”.

Mahan Abedin, “Al-Muhajiroun In The UK: An Interview With Sheikh Omar Bakri Mohammed,”, The Jamestown Foundation, Spotlight on Terror Volume: 2 Issue: 5, 22.03.2004, 07:00 PM.

http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Bswords%5D=8fd5893941d69d0be3f378576261ae3e&tx_ttnews%5Bany_of_the_words%5D=bakri%20U.K&tx_ttnews%5Bpointer%5D=3&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=26355&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=7&cHash=abb90d0e48

 

[24]“It is not the actions of the Muslim community that is causing insecurity in Britain. Rather it is Bush and Blair’s continued brutal occupation and murder in Iraq and Afghanistan that is responsible for the chaos in the world today”.

Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Labour attacks Muslim community to cover up leadership crisis and disaster in Iraq and Afghanistan,”, 20.10.2006.

http://www.hizb-ut-tahrir.org/index.php/EN/wshow/130

 

[25]“The world has witnessed the horrors unleashed by the United States, Britain and their allies upon the Muslims of Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere across the globe under the flag of the war on terror which is known to be a war on Islam”.

Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Islam demands the Political Unity of this Ummah,”, 16.08.2008.

http://www.hizb-ut-tahrir.org/index.php/EN/wshow/570

 

[26]“Hizb ut Tahrir in Britain emphasized the importance of Muslims choosing loyalty to their religion above loyalty to Britain or any other country”.

Wikipedia, “Hizb ut-Tahrir,”.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hizb_ut-Tahrir

 

[27]Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “UK Government professes help for Palestinian victims whilst actively aiding Israeli terrorism,”, 19.01.2009.

http://www.hizb.org.uk/hizb/press-centre/press-release/uk-government-professes-help-for-palestinian-victims-whilst-actively-aiding-israeli-terrorism.html

 

[28]Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “UK press ‘biased towards Israel’,”, 20.01.2009.

http://www.hizb.org.uk/hizb/news-watch/muslim-countries/uk-press-biased-towards-israel.html

 

[29]James Brandon, “Hizb-ut-Tahrir Under Increasing Pressure in the UK,”, The Jamestown Foundation, Terrorism Focus,  Volume: 4 Issue: 29, 21.09.2007, 08:59 AM.

http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Bswords%5D=8fd5893941d69d0be3f378576261ae3e&tx_ttnews%5Bany_of_the_words%5D=bakri%20U.K&tx_ttnews%5Bpointer%5D=1&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=4415&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=7&cHash=9704cfa569

 

 

[31]Dean Valler, “OUTLAWED HATE GROUP IN FRESH TERROR THREAT,”, Daily Star, 22.09.2008.

http://www.dailystar.co.uk/news/view/51905/Outlawed-hate-group-in-fresh-terror-threat

 

[32]“I believe this phenomenon of al-Qaeda is not going to stop. The phenomenon of martyrdom operations is contagious as the Prophet Muhammad correctly said”.

Mahan Abedin, “Al-Muhajiroun In The UK: An Interview With Sheikh Omar Bakri Mohammed,”, The Jamestown Foundation, Spotlight on Terror Volume: 2 Issue: 5, 22.03.2004, 07:00 PM.

http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Bswords%5D=8fd5893941d69d0be3f378576261ae3e&tx_ttnews%5Bany_of_the_words%5D=bakri%20U.K&tx_ttnews%5Bpointer%5D=3&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=26355&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=7&cHash=abb90d0e48

 

[33]“A: Then they (Kafirs) will go to hell, and we will go to paradise. The Magnificent 19 did not come to negotiate.

Q: Are you absolutely sure there will be more attacks like it?

A: The phenomenon of fighting the occupiers has now become an overriding wish for millions of Muslims”.

Mahan Abedin, “Al-Muhajiroun In The UK: An Interview With Sheikh Omar Bakri Mohammed,”, The Jamestown Foundation, Spotlight on Terror Volume: 2 Issue: 5, 22.03.2004, 07:00 PM.

http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Bswords%5D=8fd5893941d69d0be3f378576261ae3e&tx_ttnews%5Bany_of_the_words%5D=bakri%20U.K&tx_ttnews%5Bpointer%5D=3&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=26355&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=7&cHash=abb90d0e48

 

[34]Daily Mail, “‘Have more babies and Muslims can take over the UK’ hate fanatic says, as warning comes that ‘next 9/11 will be in UK’,”, 13.09.2008, 06:55 PM.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1054909/Have-babies-Muslims-UK-hate-fanatic-says-warning-comes-9-11-UK.html

“The truth is that these radical preachers want nothing less than an Islamic takeover of Britain – including our education and legal systems. And they say that by sheer force of numbers, this will happen”.

Sue Reid, “Merchants of Hatred: On the anniversary of 9/11 this terrifying investigation reveals the hatred of Britain’s enemies within,”, 13.09.2008, 08:30 AM.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1055422/Merchants-Hatred-On-anniversary-9-11-terrifying-investigation-reveals-hatred-Britains-enemies-within.html

 

[35]Beila Rabinowitz, William Mayer, “Al Muhajiroun Resurfaces In London Under Guise Of “Association For Islamic Research,” Ominously Warns Of Another 9/11,”, PipeLineNews.org, 15.09.2008.

http://www.pipelinenews.org/index.cfm?page=muhajirounid=9.15.08%2Ehtm

 

[36]Lee Hancock, ” Islam4UK: Hate on our Streets,”, The British National Party, 05.10.2008.

http://bnp.org.uk/2008/10/islam4uk-hate-on-our-streets

 

[37]“Indeed, many have speculated at the possibility of the full implementation of the shari’ah within the UK. As a result, a much needed debate has been organised to talk about the consequences of shari’ah law being implemented in the UK and its ramifications on the wider population”.

http://www.islam4uk.com/current-affairs/uk-news/46-uk/215–debate-whether-the-uk-should-have-full-shariah-law-251108

 

[38]“The fact that Americans were attacked was no surprise, what was surprising is that they came under such a devastating attack in their own country. The attacks were really a magnificent operation in every way. They were magnificent terrorists”.

Mahan Abedin, “Al-Muhajiroun In The UK: An Interview With Sheikh Omar Bakri Mohammed,”, The Jamestown Foundation, Spotlight on Terror Volume: 2 Issue: 5, 22.03.2004, 07:00 PM.

http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Bswords%5D=8fd5893941d69d0be3f378576261ae3e&tx_ttnews%5Bany_of_the_words%5D=bakri%20U.K&tx_ttnews%5Bpointer%5D=3&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=26355&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=7&cHash=abb90d0e48

 

[39]Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “To Pervez Musharraf, Dictator of Pakistan from Hizb ut-Tahrir – Britain:,”, 26.01.2008.

http://www.hizb-ut-tahrir.org/index.php/EN/wshow/356

 

[40]The Independent, “Salman Rushdie: An interview,”, johannhari.com, 10.10.2006.

http://www.johannhari.com/archive/article.php?id=1002

 

[41]“Ever since these rulers committed the crime of transforming the Palestine issue as an Islamic issue to a Palestinian-Arab issue and adopted a neutral stance and even biased towards the enemy, to the extent that they are now standing shoulder to shoulder with the enemy in the face of the on-going slaughter in Gaza today!”

Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Mobilising the Troops for Battle in Response to Gaza Slaughter, is Mandatory on the Rulers,”, 06.01.2009.

http://www.hizb.org.uk/hizb/resources/leaflets/mobilising-the-troops-for-battle-in-response-to-gaza-slaughter-is-mandatory-on-the-rulers.html

 

[42] Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Call for Muslim Armies to intervene to defend the people,”, 06.01.2009.

http://www.hizb.org.uk/hizb/resources/leaflets/call-for-muslim-armies-to-intervene-to-defend-the-people.html

 

[43] Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Gaza Massacre Emergency Statement Taji Mustafa, Media Spokesman Hizb ut-Tahrir,”, 09.01.2009.

http://www.hizb.org.uk/hizb/multimedianew/video/gaza-massacre-emergency-address-taji-mustafa.html

 

[44]“The enemy war-planes hover over them in the skies even during ‘peace-time’ fully secure because they know for sure that there is no missile or aircraft threat to confront them. This is because the rulers have imposed ‘curfew’ over our armed forces and aircrafts which are there only as ‘embellishments’ for protocol duties! Thus the Jewish fighter planes fly unchallenged & menacingly over a scared population bombing people and property with no fear or threat of any harm”.

Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Mobilising the Troops for Battle in Response to Gaza Slaughter, is Mandatory on the Rulers,”, 06.01.2009.

http://www.hizb.org.uk/hizb/resources/leaflets/mobilising-the-troops-for-battle-in-response-to-gaza-slaughter-is-mandatory-on-the-rulers.html

 

[45]“Muslims in Egypt support the liberation of Palestine, yet the Egyptian army is used to enforce the Zionist blockade on the Palestinian people. Muslims in Pakistan support the resistance in Afghanistan, yet the Pakistani army is used to further the American plan to colonise the region”.

Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Islam demands the Political Unity of this Ummah,”, 16.08.2008.

http://www.hizb-ut-tahrir.org/index.php/EN/wshow/570

 

[46]“Oh Muslims!   
Beware of these rulers and their deceptions, they will allow you to stage some sit-in protests, but fully understand that this is NOT enough response. Indeed you must march up to them and confront them at their palaces and force them to move their troops for battle!
And then you, the soldiers, do you not aspire to either of the two bounties? How can you remain in your barracks while your brethren are killed? How can a ruler, who has sold his Akhirah for the worldly pleasures, prevent you to come to the rescue of your own brothers and save them?”

Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Mobilising the Troops for Battle in Response to Gaza Slaughter, is Mandatory on the Rulers,”, 06.01.2009.

http://www.hizb.org.uk/hizb/resources/leaflets/mobilising-the-troops-for-battle-in-response-to-gaza-slaughter-is-mandatory-on-the-rulers.html

 

[47]“The overwhelming majority of Muslims hate these regimes, who persecute their own citizens, desert the oppressed of Palestine, and who sometimes misuse the name of Islam for their own ends. They would like to see the back of them and see instead the Islamic system of government that ruled over the Muslim world with justice, stability and harmony for centuries – the Khilafah (Caliphate). The call for its return in the Islamic world is grows ever larger.”

Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Call for Muslim Armies to intervene to defend the people,”, 06.01.2009.

http://www.hizb.org.uk/hizb/resources/leaflets/call-for-muslim-armies-to-intervene-to-defend-the-people.html

 

[48]“Mobilising the Troops for Battle in Response to the Gaza Slaughter, is Mandatory on the Rulers, else it amounts to treason with Allah, His Prophet and the Believers!”.

   Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Mobilising the Troops for Battle in Response to Gaza Slaughter, is Mandatory on the Rulers,”, 06.01.2009.

http://www.hizb.org.uk/hizb/resources/leaflets/mobilising-the-troops-for-battle-in-response-to-gaza-slaughter-is-mandatory-on-the-rulers.html

 

[49]“Sultanah Parvin, deputy women’s media representative of Hizb ut-Tahrir Britain said “This seminar will examine why the people of Gaza were not defended and how Muslims can aid the re-establishment of the Khilafah state, the shield and the true leadership that will defend Palestine against those who have inflicted the recent genocide upon it.””

Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Seminar: Women of Hizb ut-Tahrir Britain Examine Why Gaza is not defended,”, 22.01.2009.

http://www.hizb.org.uk/hizb/press-centre/press-release/seminar-women-of-hizb-ut-tahrir-britain-call-on-muslim-armies-to-defend-gaza.html

 

[50] Sheikh Omar Bakri Muhammad, “JIHAD FATWA AGAINST ISRAEL,”, 02.10.2000.

http://www.emergency.com/2000/fatwa2000.htm

 

[51]“Though we wish to see the abolition of the Zionist political entity called Israel, that was unjustly established and has persecuted people for so long, we do not wish to see every non-Muslim removed from the area. We desire to see Muslims, Christians and Jews who rightly belong in the region living side by side under the justice of Islamic rule, which maintained the harmony and mutual respect between the people for centuries. Indeed, it is only under Islamic governance that this region enjoyed any peace and stability for any significant period.”

Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Call for Muslim Armies to intervene to defend the people,”, 06.01.2009.

http://www.hizb.org.uk/hizb/resources/leaflets/call-for-muslim-armies-to-intervene-to-defend-the-people.html

 

[52]Hizb ut-Tahrir, Britain, “Concentration Camp Gaza,”, 17.01.2009.

http://www.hizb.org.uk/hizb/news-watch/muslim-countries/concentration-camp-gaza.html

 

 

[54]Dan Verton, “Experts: Don’t dismiss cyberattack warning,”, Computerworld, 18.11.2002.

http://www.computerworld.com/securitytopics/security/story/0,10801,76000,00.html

 

[55]Dean Valler, “OUTLAWED HATE GROUP IN FRESH TERROR THREAT,”, Daily Star, 22.09.2008.

http://www.dailystar.co.uk/news/view/51905/Outlawed-hate-group-in-fresh-terror-threat

 

[56]Sean O’Neil and Yaakov Lappin, “Britain’s online imam declares war as he calls young to jihad,”, Times Online, 17.01.2005.

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article413387.ece

 

 

[58]“The group—regarded by analysts as an important “conveyor-belt” organization that provides its members with the ideological justification for acts of violent jihad”.

James Brandon, “Hizb-ut-Tahrir Under Increasing Pressure in the UK,”, The Jamestown Foundation, Terrorism Focus,  Volume: 4 Issue: 29, 21.09.2007, 08:59 AM.

http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Bswords%5D=8fd5893941d69d0be3f378576261ae3e&tx_ttnews%5Bany_of_the_words%5D=bakri%20U.K&tx_ttnews%5Bpointer%5D=1&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=4415&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=7&cHash=9704cfa569

 

[59]“Al Muhajiroun is widely believed to have influenced the 7/7 ringleader Mohammed Siddique Khan to lead the suicide bomb attacks that killed 52 people in the capital in 2005”.

Dean Valler, “OUTLAWED HATE GROUP IN FRESH TERROR THREAT,”, Daily Star, 22.09.2008.

http://www.dailystar.co.uk/news/view/51905/Outlawed-hate-group-in-fresh-terror-threat

 

[60]“Al-Muhajiroun is involved in the softening up process, preparing and indoctrinating people so that they are susceptible when the Al-Qaeda recruiter comes along”.

Nick Fielding, “Terror links of the Tottenham Ayatollah,”, Times Online, 24.06.2005.

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article547466.ece

 

[61]“Muhajiroun engage in the divine method to establish the Khilafah wherever they have members, whereas HT works to establish the Khilafah only in a specific Muslim country (they called it Majal—i.e. geographical area in any part of the Muslim world) and restricted their members’ activities outside the Majal”.

Mahan Abedin, “Al-Muhajiroun In The UK: An Interview With Sheikh Omar Bakri Mohammed,”, The Jamestown Foundation, Spotlight on Terror Volume: 2 Issue: 5, 22.03.2004, 07:00 PM.

http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Bswords%5D=8fd5893941d69d0be3f378576261ae3e&tx_ttnews%5Bany_of_the_words%5D=bakri%20U.K&tx_ttnews%5Bpointer%5D=3&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=26355&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=7&cHash=abb90d0e48

 

[62]James Brandon, “The Next Generation of Radical Islamist Preachers in the UK,”, The Jamestown Foundation, Terrorism Monitor Volume: 6 Issue: 13, 26.06.2008, 03:55 PM.

http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Bswords%5D=8fd5893941d69d0be3f378576261ae3e&tx_ttnews%5Bany_of_the_words%5D=bakri&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=5013&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=7&cHash=9fb5cb6719

 

[63]Daily Mail, “‘Have more babies and Muslims can take over the UK’ hate fanatic says, as warning comes that ‘next 9/11 will be in UK’,”, 13.09.2008, 06:55 PM.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1054909/Have-babies-Muslims-UK-hate-fanatic-says-warning-comes-9-11-UK.html

DangMeddlinKids, “We Need More Muslim Babies,”, YouTube, 25.09.2008.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hh59_TJDoKs&feature=related

 

 

 
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About chainsoff.

Intelligence Media Service, Monitors and Analyzes Extremists’ activities, including and not limited to: The Muslim Brotherhood, Kurdish Terrorism, Syrian Politics, Jabhet Al-Nusra, Hezbollah, Cyber Crime, and Taliban activities in Syria. Well known for her deep knowledge on Terrorism. Open Source Exploitation expert in the discovery, collection, and assessment of foreign-based publicly available information, also known as Open Source Intelligence (OSINT), HIMNT
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