In the spring of 2011 in Syria began protests and anti-government protests, in just a few months developed into open clashes. The result of these events was the beginning of the civil war, still ongoing. The interests of the legitimate authorities of the country in this conflict to defend the armed forces of Syria. In addition, since a certain time the army, help the various domestic and foreign armed groups.
Existing potential, as well as the assistance of friendly States allow Damascus to contain the pressure of the many enemy groups as well as from time to time to win.Quite a long time civil war in Syria turned into a confrontation between a large number of paramilitary organizations, armed groups, terrorist organizations, etc. As a consequence, in different parts of the country with each other can fight a variety of structures. So, on the side of Damascus are fighting the Syrian army, several armies and military organizations of Iran and Iraq. The visible support of the Lebanese organization “Hezbollah” and other groups in the region.
From autumn 2015 the Syrian army help the aerospace defence forces of Russia.The Syrian gunner on duty. Photo Voanews.song complex environment of the ongoing civil war the Syrian army was forced to make some reforms, which affected its structure. As a result, for several years, the Syrian armed forces have undergone significant changes and now fully meet the requirements. However, there are certain problems of a different sort.
Consider the current state of the Syrian army.The basis of the Syrian armed forces, both earlier and now are ground troops. Before the civil war they observed some interesting trends. The basis of the army was mechanized and armored divisions in number of 11 units. There were also two divisions of special forces.
Light infantry units were present in minimum quantities, which led to corresponding consequences in terms of a strategy.Before the war in the Syrian army, he served about 325 thousand people. In the fighting the armed forces suffered considerable deadweight loss. In addition, some of the personnel have deserted, including joining the enemy forces. The result was a noticeable reduction in the size of the army.
Currently, the army is listed not more than 130-135 thousand. Such reduction of the army, however, was to some extent offset by the creation of new volunteer organizations. With their help, managed to increase the number of infantry formations and at least partially restore the previously existing potential.Tanks T-72 without any modifications. Photo By Syrianfreepress.wordpress.Democratie personnel and numerous losses of military equipment eventually led to the restructuring of the army.
Currently, the army has 6 armored divisions with different composition, 4 mechanized divisions and 2 infantry brigades. Also, the army has 2 artillery brigades and 2 brigades, the armed anti-tank missile systems. Operational-tactical missile systems are in service of the two respective teams.A characteristic feature of the current conflict is the inability to accurately determine the quantitative and qualitative composition of the fleet and weapons. Over the last six years the army of Syria had lost a considerable amount of the material: it was destroyed in battle or getting to the enemy as a trophy.
In addition, some samples changed hands several times. As a result, at present you can only talk about the types of weapons / equipment, but not their number.Armored division equipped with Soviet equipment or the Russian production of various types. In the ranks are still tanks of various modifications of T-55. There is also a little newer T-62.
Russian assistance to Syria operates a significant number of T-72 tanks of various modifications, and even a relatively new T-90. In a mechanized formations are infantry fighting vehicles BMP-1/2 armored vehicles of almost all models of Soviet and Russian production. Ancillary equipment, such as recovery and command vehicles, installation, clearance, etc. also have a Soviet / Russian origin.One of the options artisanal modernization of armored vehicles.
Photo Arabic-military.samhaim way things are in the artillery units. The army has self-propelled artillery systems of various types of caliber from 57 to 152 mm. some of this equipment is the serial samples of foreign production, while other machines were made in handicraft conditions from available technology. On self-propelled chassis mounted as cannon or howitzers, and mortars.
This saves a large number of towed systems. Rocket artillery is mostly comprised of Soviet and Russian systems. There are combat vehicles of various types, from BM-21 “Grad” to 9A52 “Smerch”. The big distribution was received by a towed launcher “Type 63” in China.
In addition, the army and Pro-Damascus groups are actively used MLRS family of “Volcano”, created in the course of the war.Armed with two separate teams composed of operational-tactical missile systems of several types. Syria still maintains legacy systems, such as R-300, however, there are more new complexes “Point”. Also, the weapons consist of a system of “Fateh” in Iran.With the help of Russian export of infantry units were able to significantly upgrade the arsenals of anti-tank weapons. Outdated ATRA 9П133 like “baby” or 9P148 “Konkurs” in recent years was augmented complexes “Fagot”, “mixed”, “cornet”, etc.
To combat air targets infantry can use a portable anti-aircraft complexes of various models of collections “Strela” and “Igla”.BMP-1 armed forces. Photo ANNA NewsПротивовоздушная defense of ground forces is armed as rocket and artillery systems. In addition, several years ago began operation of a combined missile and gun complexes “Carapace-C1”. The basis of military defense are a family of complexes “Beech” different models.
SAM complemented conventional systems on self-propelled chassis and towed version. Still used self-propelled ZSU-23-4 and ZSU-57-2. There is a certain amount of drag systems with calibre of 23 mm to 100 mm In connection with the specifics of the current conflict anti-aircraft guns are only used as firepower support of ground troops. Available cannons and machine guns in the initially towed the performance is often mounted on available chassis.It should be noted that the construction of new samples of military equipment of a destination using the available units and products is one of the characteristics of the ongoing war.
Commercial or army vehicles be the basis for a “self-made” artillery self-propelled guns with cannon or rocket weapons. The other technique gets the book and weapons, becoming infantry combat vehicles. Production models of armoured fighting vehicles receive additional protection, reducing the likelihood of damage to common resources. Certain features such modernization of technology suggests that in some cases it is a kind of “serial” projects.For obvious reasons, to determine the number and types of military equipment artisanal production is not possible.
Accurate information on this score is not published, but the assessment is difficult for various factors. For example, in service with the Syrian army may well consist of samples of previously built by the enemy and taken as a trophy.A famous example of “technical creativity”: self-propelled gun on the chassis of the GAZ Sadko, armed with a gun ZIS-2. Photo Twitter.com/MathieuMorantВ accordance with the current trends in the development of armies, Syria has adopted the unmanned aerial vehicles of several types. This technique produced mostly in Iran.In connection with the downsizing of the army personnel Damascus in early 2013, was forced to establish National defence forces (FDN).
The composition of this structure was made of various independent groups and organizations loyal to the legitimate government. Soon everyone was gathered in a single structure with the subordinate so-called National committees. To date, NSO has approximately 100 thousand soldiers. With the aim of increasing the combat capability of individual units and of all forces as advisers and trainers involved professionals of the Iranian Islamic revolutionary guard Corps.With government forces also cooperate with some other volunteer formations – the so-called groups of “Shabiha”.
The majority of these organisations became part of the National defence forces, while others still retain some independence. According to various estimates, in the Pro-government groups outside the official structures, the number to 50 thousand.Launcher “Volcano” on the serial of the chassis of Russian origin. Photo Strangernn.livejournal.song connection with certain features of the civil war and the limits of the NSO, the “Shabiha”, etc. mainly perform the function of infantry, while the operation of armored vehicles and other combat vehicles remains a challenge for military personnel.
Such an approach allowed us to compensate for the loss of personnel and to raise the capacity of the armed forces as a whole to an acceptable level.Syrian armed forces have certain advantages over their enemies due to the preservation of the force. In this kind of armed forces is not more than 15 thousand people, and part of his personnel could be thrown on the solution of other combat tasks not associated with aviation. The problem of the Syrian air force is state of the art. According to various estimates, to make a departure may not exceed 40% of the aircraft and vertoleta.