A director of threat research at a cybersecurity firm spoke to “Dark Reading”1 about an entity on the RaidForums selling voter records. This is not a new occurrence or even a particularly surprising one, despite the notion that vendors only sell such information on darknet marketplaces or forums. (The RaidForums website is completely accessible on the clearnet. The threat researcher, Jonathan Tomek, reported that he had found 40 million records for sale on the RaidForums.)
Logan, the particular forum member in question, listed only two voter databases this year, both from 2017. The remaining databases on the forums are from 2015 or 2013. According to the site’s database directory, the most recent voter database listings are as follows: Alabama Voter Database – 132,788 Records – 2015;
- Alaska Voter Database – 487,415 Records – 2015;
- Colorado Voter Database – 3,525,885 Records – 2015;
- Connecticut Voter Database – 2,391,357 Records – 2015;
- Delaware Voter Database – 600,000 Records – 2015;
- Florida Voter Database – 12,539,780 Records – 2013;
- Michigan Voter Database – 7,408,330 Records – 2015;
- North Carolina Voter Database – 7,444,748 Records – 2015;
- Ohio Voter Database – 7,509,310 Records – 2015;
- Oklahoma Voter Database – 2,158,410 Records – 2015;
- Pennsylvania Voter Database – 620,201 Records – 2015;
- Utah Voter Database – 731,639 Records – 2015;
- Washington Voter Database – 4,411,385 Records – 2015;
- Texas Voter Database – 657,695 Records – 2015;
- Nevada Voter Database – 1,160,839 Records – 2015
The only records from 2017 come from the Ohio Voter Database and Arkansas Voter Database—both of which came from Logan. They have 7,893,338 Records and 1,746,067 Records, respectively. Incidentally, both Ohio and Arkansas are readily available elsewhere as public records. One of said sites is a political research tool known as VoterRecords.com. The site exists for the study of political data. “We offer researchers and political organizations an easier method to research public records data,” the site’s FAQ page explains.
Even better are the states that host voter records in an easily accessible format. One state that fits this criteria is the state of North Carolina. The North Carolina board of elections website allows anyone to search voter records. There is a danger associated with records—even previously available records—hitting forums or marketplaces where the intent is inherently criminal. Most state’s voter records contain a trove of identity information, and when combined with data from other sources or beaches, entities can easily create “fullz.” This can be accomplished with any source of information, however, and is far from exclusive to voter records.
Logan’s dumps, for instance, contain “voter IDs, full names, physical addresses, previous addresses, date of birth, genders, phone numbers, [and] citizen status.”
Voter records are a current topic of interest for a host of reasons—most of which, understandably, involve ongoing political issues. However, as Tomek explained, Logan likely obtained the information from “Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests, website requests, and also through social engineering…” No hacking government servers required. Regardless, Logan’s use of the public information is very likely in direct violation of dozens of laws; it is not inherently legal even if he obtained the information through entirely legal channels. The possible uses for a database full of voter information are endless, but news surrounding voter database records rarely paints an accurate picture.
On an unrelated note, while they are available for purchase, Logan’s uploads are technically available for free.
REFERENCE ARTICLE: “DARK READING”
1-Voter Registration Data from 9 States Available for Sale on Dark Web
Nearly 10 million voter records sold for just $4 over last few days, according to LookingGlass Cyber Solutions.
Threat intelligence company LookingGlass Cyber Solutions says it has discovered over 40 million voter records from nine different states being traded in an underground forum for stolen credit card data and login credentials.
The voter records being offered for sale include the voter’s full first, last and middle name, voter ID, birthdate, voter status, party affiliation, residential address and other details. The data belongs to voters in Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Michigan, Ohio, Oklahoma and Washington State.
Over the last two days, voter databases from at least two of the states—Arkansas and Ohio—were sold for a mere $2 each, or a total of $4 for almost 10 million voter records. That suggests financial gain is not the primary reason for the activity, according to LookingGlass.
‘Logan,’ the individual who has advertised the data and is selling it on a site called RaidForums, has hinted at possessing voter records for an additional 20 to 25 states, says Jonathan Tomek, director of threat research at LookingGlass Cyber Solutions.
Logan appears to have obtained the voter information through Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests, website requests, and also through social engineering them from states where an entity would otherwise be required to purchase the information, he says.
What makes his activities additionally illegal is his attempt to sell the data for purposes other than political purposes, he noted. Many states prohibit the republishing of voter data or the use of it for commercial purposes. Violators can face fine and prison terms of up to five years.
“Logan is not affiliated with any group to our knowledge,” Tomek says. “We believe he is acting alone. I can say he is over 18, travels a bit internationally, and works for a cybersecurity company,” he says.
Tomek says LookingGlass does not have information on how many people might have purchased the voter information or what they might do with it. “We do know he is actively trading this information for other stolen items such as credit cards and login credentials,” he says. “The combination of the voter information plus the other data has potential to be very bad since the voter data contains birthday, home address, email, and full name.”
News of the sale of millions voter records in an underground cyber forum comes amid an ongoing controversy over the Trump Administration’s push to get publicly available voter registration records from each state in connection with an inquiry into potential voter fraud in last year’s general elections. A Trump appointed election integrity commission in fact met for the first time just last Wednesday to discuss next steps into the matter.
A total of 24 states have so far complied with the Trump Administration’s request for voter data. But the District of Columbia and 17 states have so far refused to hand over the data. Some groups like the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) have sued the Trump election commission citing voter suppression fears.
The Help America Vote Act (HAVA) currently requires all 50 states to maintain a central voter file in electronic format. The content and availability of the data in these files varies dramatically by state, as can be seen in this U.S. Election Project interactive map maintained by the University of Florida, Gainesville.
Some states make all the information they have in their voter files available to those eligible to view or purchase the data. Others withhold certain information like the voter’s Social Security Number, date of birth and driver’s license number. As PBS noted in a report last week, 19 states consider an individual’s full birth date to be part of the public record, while a voter’s race and party affiliation is considered public information in six states and 32 states respectively.
Currently, only the registered parties, political committee and a candidate or their committee registered in all areas can purchase all available statewide voter data, according to the US Elections Project website. The total cost for a US citizen to purchase all available voter registration data for all states is around $126,500. Politically oriented non-profits, candidates, parties and their committee would pay around $136,000.