Operators and other versions
The S-300 is mainly used in Eastern Europe and Asia although sources are inconsistent about which countries possess the system.
- Algeria– 4/8battalions of S-300PMU2 were ordered in 2006
- Armenia– S-300PS (SA-10)
- Azerbaijanbought two S-300PMU-2/SA-20B SAM battalions in 2010
- Belarus– S-300PS systems delivered from Russia in 2007 to replace older S-300 model in Belarusian inventory.Four divisions of S-300 missiles to be delivered in 2014.
- Bulgaria– ten S-300 launchers, divided into two units with five launchers each.
- People’s Republic of China– China was the first customer of S-300PMU-2.China also built the HQ-15with the maximum range upgraded from 150 to 200 km (93 to 124 mi). The total number of the S-300PMU/1/2 and HQ-15/18 batteries in PLA are approximately 40 and 60 respectively, as of 2008. The total number of the missiles is well above 1,600, with about 300 launcher platforms.Five such SAM battalions are deployed and in active duty around Beijing region, six battalions in Taiwan strait region and the rest in major cities like Shanghai, Chengdu and Dalian. Two Rif (SA-N-6) systems were purchased in 2002 for the Chinese Navy for the Type 051C destroyers. By 2011, it had obtained 15 battalions (4 systems) S-300PMU-2.
- Egypt– The S-300VM “Antey-2500” missile system was ordered in 2014, as part of a multi-billion Egyptian-Russian arms deal signed later that year. The $1 billion contract comprises 4 batteries, a command post and other external elements. In 2015, Russia started delivering the system components, Egyptian soldiers began their training in Russian training centers.By the end of 2017, all batteries were delivered to Egypt.[ Russia is in talks with Egypt on the delivery of additional Antey-2500 systems.
- Greece– S-300 PMU1 system acquired after the Cyprus Missile Crisisand operated by HAFon Creteconsisting of 1 Battallions/4 batteries/16 launchers / 80 missiles.. Greece first fired an S-300 during the White Eagle 2013 military exercise, which was the first time it was used since it had been bought 14 years earlier.
- India– S-300air defence platforms (from Russia).
- Iran– Originally purchased in 2007, Iran’s S-300 order was blocked until April 2015 when the Kremlin lifted its self-imposed ban on the sale due to international lifting of some sanctions against Iran. The country purchased and received an unknown number of S-300 (probably the S-300PMU2 system, a modified version of the S-300PMU1) in 2016, it was fully tested and implemented in 2017. Iran received four S-300PMU2 batteries from Russia in 2016, each consisting of a 96L6E target acquisition radar, a 30N6E2 target engagement radar, and four 5P85TE2 towed transporter-erector-launchers (TELs). These systems are supported by two 64N6E2 battle management radars and linked using FL-95 antenna masts. Iran also owns an unknown number of a domestically produced Bavar 373, developed before the arrival of Russian S-300 system.
- Kazakhstan– 10 battalions after the refurbishment (PS – version)(2009 or later), 5 free of charge (2014),and 5 free of charge (2015)
- North Korea
- Russia– All variations. Russian Air Defence Forces, (part of the Russian Air Force), /(1900 (S-300PT/PS/PMU, 200 S-300V/S-300V1 in 2010 year))2000 in total launchers.All production in 1994 (actually 1990) or older, all the complexes S-300PM have been repairing and upgrading (Favorite-S).S-300P/PT have been retired before 2008, some S-300PS in service, but were to be retired in 2012–2013 Modernization of all version S-300P to the version S-300PM1 was to end in 2014. Resource of each taken increased by 5 years. PM 1 continued to version PM 2.By 2015 S-300V4 was to have been delivered. Modernization of all S-300V to the version S-300V4 was to end in 2012.
- Slovakia– One battery S-300PMU and 48 missiles type 5V55R inherited from Czechoslovakia. 3 missiles were fired during exercise in Bulgaria in 2015.
- Syria– Own, official government data – there in 2013 (literally – the individual components are placed),a total of 6 was ordered, 1 (V family) has been sold in Egypt.[a]A battery of Russian S-300V4 air defense missile launchers has been transported to Syria, Russia’s Defense Ministry said in a statement. Its stated purpose is to defend a Russian naval base and warships.
- Ukraine– S-300PS, S-300PMU, S-300V and others. Only six systems have been repaired since 2004; as a result only 40% of Ukrainian S-300 systems were in good condition prior to 2014.The crisis with Russiaresulted in a program of accelerated modernisation,with at least 4 batteries overhauled in the period 2014-15. 34 launchers remained in the Crimeaafter its 2014 annexation by Russia.
- Venezuela– Ordered 2 battalions of S-300VM“Antey-2500”, delivered in May 2012.
- Vietnam– Bought two S-300PMU-1 for nearly $300 million.and RLS 96L6 after 2009Bought S-300 PMU-2 in 2012.
- Czechoslovakia– One battalion created in 1990. Passed to Slovakia in 1993.
- East Germany– Passed on to West German Army.
- Germany– Retired after re-unification.
- United States– S-300P purchased from Belarus (1994). The system was devoid of electronics. S300V was purchased in Russia officially in the 1990s (complete set (except for 9S32 GRILL PAN multi-channel guidance radar)). Also acquired from Croatia.
- Cyprus– S-300 PMU1 system transferred to Greece after the Cyprus Missile Crisisand operated by HAFon Crete.